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Richmond WW1 Diary 5 January

  Food Shortages | As war dragged on and shortages of basic commodities including paper, fuel, and food increased, the British government introduced nationwide rationing. Despite rationing supplies, prices climbed and by May 1917, food process were almost twice those of July 1914. This severely impacted morale, and public attitudes to anyone flouting the new…

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Richmond WW1 Diary 9 December

British forces capture Jerusalem from the Turkish army | British forces, supported by ANZAC and Egyptian troops, pushed on through Sinai, taking Bethlehem on 7 December. They finally captured Jerusalem from the Ottoman Turks on 9 December 1917. This was highly symbolic and a boost for Allied morale. Prime Minister Lloyd George described the capture…

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Richmond WW1 Diary 30 November

Death of Roy Woodhams – one of The Alberts dead | Private Roy Woodhams, of Worple Way, was just 17 when he was killed on 30 November 1917. He fell in the Battle of Cambrai, a British Offensive against the Germans that is remembered as the first time tanks were successfully used in a combined…

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Richmond WW1 Diary 11 November

Remembrance | The first cenotaph was a temporary wooden monument on Whitehall, designed by Edward Lutyens. It was part of as series of monuments on the route of the Peace Parade, to mark the formal end of the First World War in 1919. ‘Cenotaph’ comes from the Greek words meaning ’empty tomb’. Such monuments commemorate…

Un-illustrated newspaper column titled 'Palestine for the Jews'

Richmond WW1 Diary 2 November

Balfour Declaration | The Balfour Declaration of 1917 formally stated the British Government’s support for the establishment of a Jewish homeland in Palestine in a letter signed by the British Foreign Secretary, Lord Balfour on 2 November: “His Majesty’s government view with favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people,…

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Richmond WW1 Diary 26 October

Deaths of Arthur Raffe & Ernest Collins – two of The Alberts dead | Arthur William Raffe initially joined the Navy, but served in an infantry battalion: Following the outbreak of war, two brigades of four infantry battalions were formed from men who were not required for service aboard ships. Born in 1892, Arthur grew…