Image of poppy

Richmond WW1 Diary 7 October 1918

Independence for Poland and the Slavic states | The First World War brought an end to the European era of global empire-building that had seen colonisation in the Americas, Australasia, and Asia, and ignited the infamous Scramble for Africa. Within Europe, the loss of power by the imperial states led to smaller nations declaring their…

Image of poppy

Richmond WW1 Diary 30 September 1918

Bulgaria surrenders | On 30 September 1918, Bulgaria signed an Armistice with the Allies, the first of the Central Powers to do so. Initially neutral, Bulgaria had joined the war on the side of the Central Powers in October 1915. The government of the kingdom hoped a victory would help it expand its territory in…

Image of poppy

Richmond WW1 Diary 2 August 1918

British landing in Russia | Russia had been one of the original powers in the Triple Alliance with France and Great Britain. The new Bolsheviks regime in Russia had negotiated a ceasefire with the Central Powers – the German led alliance – at the end of 1917. The treaty of Brest-Litovsk was signed in Spring…

Image of poppy

Richmond WW1 Diary 1 May 1918

May Day | In 1918, May Day embraced its modern identity as a celebration of The Workers. In newly Soviet Russia, celebrating the October Revolution of the previous year, mass parades took place in Moscow and Petrograd (St Petersburg). The celebration was somewhat muted, with the acceptance the recent Brest-Litovsk peace treaty, which had cost…

Postcard with cartoon of woman wearing a pair of trousers. Caption "Scores of women are filling mens places with great success."

Richmond WW1 Diary 6 February 1918

Women get the vote (some of them) | Linked to wider movements during the 19th century to extend voting rights to all British adults, campaigns for women’s suffrage intensified in the early 20th century. ‘Suffrage’ meant the right to vote, and women activists became known as the Suffragettes. In 1903, the Women’s Social and Political…

Un-illustrated newspaper column titled 'Palestine for the Jews'

Richmond WW1 Diary 2 November 1917

Balfour Declaration | The Balfour Declaration of 1917 formally stated the British Government’s support for the establishment of a Jewish homeland in Palestine in a letter signed by the British Foreign Secretary, Lord Balfour on 2 November: “His Majesty’s government view with favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people,…

Image of poppy

Richmond WW1 Diary 7 December 1916

Lloyd George becomes new UK Prime Minister Nationally, the mood of popular support for the war in Britain changed following the Battle of the Somme. As the casualty figures – one million British Empire dead – began to emerge, rumours of poor leadership grew. Discontent led to the then Prime Minister, Herbert Asquith, being forced…