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Richmond WW1 Diary 27 March 1917

British defeat at Gaza The First Battle of Gaza was the first attempt by the Allies to advance south into Ottoman territory. Fighting took place around the town of Gaza on the Mediterranean coast. The British forces were close to capturing the town when the order came to withdraw, as it was feared huge Ottoman…

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Richmond WW1 Diary 11 March 1917

British forces take Baghdad In the Spring of 1917, there was much attention on the war in the Middle East. At the start of the First World War, the Ottoman Empire covered vast territories in the Middle East, including parts of modern day Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Iraq, Palestine/Israel, Lebanon, Syria, and Jordan. The heart of…

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Richmond WW1 Diary 29 April 1916

British and Indian forces surrender to Turkey following the siege of Kut While the battle in Europe focused on controlling access to the supply ports, in the Middle East it focused on Baghdad. Then the city held the same psychological significance as today and the Allies believed if they could capture Baghdad, the Turkish forces…