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Richmond WW1 Diary 5 December 1917

Armistice between Germany and Russia | The German government had been agitating to undermine the Russian rulers for some time. The withdrawal from the war of the huge Russian forces would release the Central Powers’ armies in the East and allow them to focus on winning the war on the Western Front. Despite the fact…

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Richmond WW1 Diary 1 December 1917

Birthday of Ernst Toller | Born 1 December 1893 in Prussia, Ernst Toller volunteered for duty at the start of the war. After serving in the German Army for 13 months at the Western Front he suffered a breakdown and was invalided out of the army. Although he survived the war and went on to…

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Richmond WW1 Diary 30 November 1917

Death of Roy Woodhams – one of The Alberts dead | Private Roy Woodhams, of Worple Way, was just 17 when he was killed on 30 November 1917. He fell in the Battle of Cambrai, a British Offensive against the Germans that is remembered as the first time tanks were successfully used in a combined…

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Richmond WW1 Diary 11 November 1917

Remembrance | The first cenotaph was a temporary wooden monument on Whitehall, designed by Edward Lutyens. It was part of as series of monuments on the route of the Peace Parade, to mark the formal end of the First World War in 1919. ‘Cenotaph’ comes from the Greek words meaning ’empty tomb’. Such monuments commemorate…

Un-illustrated newspaper column titled 'Palestine for the Jews'

Richmond WW1 Diary 2 November 1917

Balfour Declaration | The Balfour Declaration of 1917 formally stated the British Government’s support for the establishment of a Jewish homeland in Palestine in a letter signed by the British Foreign Secretary, Lord Balfour on 2 November: “His Majesty’s government view with favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people,…

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Richmond WW1 Diary 26 October 1917

Deaths of Arthur Raffe & Ernest Collins – two of The Alberts dead | Arthur William Raffe initially joined the Navy, but served in an infantry battalion: Following the outbreak of war, two brigades of four infantry battalions were formed from men who were not required for service aboard ships. Born in 1892, Arthur grew…