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Richmond WW1 Diary 5 January

  Food Shortages | As war dragged on and shortages of basic commodities including paper, fuel, and food increased, the British government introduced nationwide rationing. Despite rationing supplies, prices climbed and by May 1917, food process were almost twice those of July 1914. This severely impacted morale, and public attitudes to anyone flouting the new…

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Richmond WW1 Diary 9 December

British forces capture Jerusalem from the Turkish army | British forces, supported by ANZAC and Egyptian troops, pushed on through Sinai, taking Bethlehem on 7 December. They finally captured Jerusalem from the Ottoman Turks on 9 December 1917. This was highly symbolic and a boost for Allied morale. Prime Minister Lloyd George described the capture…

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Richmond WW1 Diary 5 December

Armistice between Germany and Russia | The German government had been agitating to undermine the Russian rulers for some time. The withdrawal from the war of the huge Russian forces would release the Central Powers’ armies in the East and allow them to focus on winning the war on the Western Front. Despite the fact…

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Richmond WW1 Diary 1 December

Birthday of Ernst Toller | Born 1 December 1893 in Prussia, Ernst Toller volunteered for duty at the start of the war. After serving in the German Army for 13 months at the Western Front he suffered a breakdown and was invalided out of the army. Although he survived the war and went on to…

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Richmond WW1 Diary 30 November

Death of Roy Woodhams – one of The Alberts dead | Private Roy Woodhams, of Worple Way, was just 17 when he was killed on 30 November 1917. He fell in the Battle of Cambrai, a British Offensive against the Germans that is remembered as the first time tanks were successfully used in a combined…

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Richmond WW1 Diary 11 November

Remembrance | The first cenotaph was a temporary wooden monument on Whitehall, designed by Edward Lutyens. It was part of as series of monuments on the route of the Peace Parade, to mark the formal end of the First World War in 1919. ‘Cenotaph’ comes from the Greek words meaning ’empty tomb’. Such monuments commemorate…