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Richmond WW1 Diary 9 April 1918

German offensive in Flanders launched | Germany’s final gamble for victory began with the St Michael Offensive, named after the patron saint of Germany. The Armistice with Russia in March 1918 had freed up many men who had been fighting on the Eastern Front. Germany now directed those soldiers to the Western Front. On 9…

Richmond WW1 Diary 1 April 1918

Royal Air Force formed | When the war started in 1914, people had only been successfully flying aeroplanes for a few years. Planes were very flimsy, made of a wooden frame covered with fabric and held together with wire. Because of the weakness of the materials, these planes had two sets of wings, and were…

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Richmond WW1 Diary 22 March 1918

Death of George Burt – one of The Alberts dead | George Henry Burt (born 1890) was the middle of three brothers who left Richmond to fight in the war. Along with his brothers Arthur (born 1893) and William (born 1886), he was killed. George was a Corporal in the Royal Army Medical Corps. He…

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Richmond WW1 Diary 3 March 1918

Russia leaves the war | After the turmoil of the October Revolution and the overthrown of the Tsarist regime in 1917, a Russian government met again in January 1918, but was quickly dissolved by the Bolsheviks The temporary armistice between Russia and the Central Powers had come to an end. However, Foreign Commissar, Leon Trotsky,…

Postcard with cartoon of woman wearing a pair of trousers. Caption "Scores of women are filling mens places with great success."

Richmond WW1 Diary 6 February 1918

Women get the vote (some of them) | Linked to wider movements during the 19th century to extend voting rights to all British adults, campaigns for women’s suffrage intensified in the early 20th century. ‘Suffrage’ meant the right to vote, and women activists became known as the Suffragettes. In 1903, the Women’s Social and Political…

Richmond WW1 Diary 19 January 1918

Men From Mortlake And East Sheen By Peter Reder (Richmond At Home & At War project volunteer) The memorial board in St Mary the Virgin Church, Mortlake, records the names of 175 local men who fell in the war and a further 29 names are inscribed on a plaque in St Mary Magdalen Roman Catholic…

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Richmond WW1 Diary 5 January 1918

  Food Shortages | As war dragged on and shortages of basic commodities including paper, fuel, and food increased, the British government introduced nationwide rationing. Despite rationing supplies, prices climbed and by May 1917, food process were almost twice those of July 1914. This severely impacted morale, and public attitudes to anyone flouting the new…